Processing of Millets become essential, since there seems to be a high demand across South Indian States and North Eastern States of India. Consumers have become very much aware of the fact that millets are highly nutritious than age old cereals.
In this dynamic era, manualprocessing of millets consumes both time and labour involved. Moreover, the broken percentage and the dehulling efficiency is greatly affected. So,there comes the requirement for developing right millet processing unit for all the millets that are processed and consumed. Hence the processing machinery for millets such as proso millet, foxtail millet, little millet, barnyard millet,kodo millet,pearl millet, finger millet, brown top millet and Jowar at different capacities are available.
Below are the list of machineries which are used in a typical millet processing unit:
- Destoner cum Grader cum Aspirator (Pre Cleaner) – This is the first step in Millet Processing. This machine is used for removing stones, sand, impurities, dust particles from millets and grade them in order to prepare for Dehulling. Prior to dehulling, cleaning is mandatory, without which dehulling efficiency will be affected.
- Millet Dehusker (Major Millet Husker / Minor Millet Hull Softner) – This machine is used for removing the husk of major millets like Finger Millet, Pearl Millet and Sorghum (Millet Dehuller is not required for these grains). This machine is also used for certain minor millets like Kodo, Proso, Barnyard and Browntop Millets which needs softening of the shell before been processed in Millet Dehuller.
- Millet Dehuller (Minor Millet Huller) – It is used for dehulling Foxtail, Little, Kodo, Proso, Barnyard and Browntop Millet. The output of this machine is an unpolished millet rice. Other Millets than the ones mentioned above cannot be processed in this machine.
- Destoner cum Grader cum Aspirator(Post Hulling Rice Seperator) – The dehulled grain contains Millet Rice, some Broken Rice, minimal amount of husk and minute powder. In order to separate the whole rice from other forms of mixtures, this machine is used. An Aspirator and a Grader in addition to the Destoner is used for this purpose.